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Beneficiaries' demographic information, if relevant to the project,
Bugiri District Located in the south eastern part of Uganda, Bugiri District has a total area of 5,701km of which 1,493km is land and the remaining 4,207km is covered by water. The district is bordered by Tororo District to the northeast, Iganga District to the west, Mayuge District to the southwest, and Busia District to the east. Bugiri District also borders Kenya in the southeast and borders Tanzania in the waters of Lake Victoria to the south.
Bugiri Municipality is the largest commercial center in the district. This is also the locale of the district headquarters and the district hospital. The town is 172km away from the Ugandan capital of Kampala. The land is generally characterized by gentle undulating hills with few higher residual features. A somewhat higher relief across the district forms two main watersheds; a northern drainage and a southern drainage; the latter of which drains to Lake Victoria.
Public schools have huge pupils/students' enrollment owing to Universal education which places a huge demand on services. Trailer operators move across borders and often times some of them stay overnight in the trucks in the trailer park and lack toilet facilities. Commercial Sex workers usually move from one location to the next without permanent places of a board and have challenges accessing toilet facilities. Hotels and Lodges in this sprawling slum area lack toilets for themselves and their clients, the absence of toilets facilities at health centers Grade II and III, community centers mean clients lack toilets.
A community needs assessment was conducted and identified that there is
•Inadequate public toilet facilities
• Many pit- latrines requiring emptying especially in schools, Hospitals and Public Places
•Lack of access to safe clean water due to absence of water facilities
Therefore Toilets for Life (T4L) project Primary Goal is to reduce disease incidences and improve the hygiene and sanitation by providing septic toilets and safe water facilitates in Bugiri District/Bugiri municipality.
The goal was agreed up during debriefing meetings, focus group interviews, key informative interviews, available Government data, and observations of stakeholders who reached a consensus that the main challenge facing the community was inadequate access to toilet facilities, safe water, poor hygiene and sanitation of the community. Due to the following facts; Bugiri District in Uganda is one of the most affected areas according to Uganda Bureau of Statistics Bugiri communities suffer from abject poverty and diseases because of luck of toilets and clean safe drinking water (UBOS). Bugiri Municipality has the worse figures in access to safe water and sanitation in Uganda. It is the fifth from the bottom in Uganda, by population to functional safe water source in the district is at 24%. 76% of the population are without access to improved safe drinking water, sewage system and Toilets.
Bugiri Municipality has a total population of 45,650 dwellers, a city without sewage system and two 5 stances public pit Latrines, 1 of the two latrines are almost full and it's almost broken down. The Municipality, also has no adequate sewerage management system that has led to a proliferation of pit latrines in the town and with a high population, sewerage has found its way into water sources.
Most of the people in Bugiri municipality fetch their water from wells which make them prone to water borne diseases. Bugiri is highly hit by typhoid fever and has experienced two spells of cholera in the periods 2008 - 2018. This has been mainly due to poor pit-latrines coupled with poor hygiene and sanitation practices.
Public places with huge population like markets, schools, hospitals, parks and other health centers have been found without pit-latrines or have inadequate sanitation facilities. Inadequate toilets and lack of water facilities at schools has been a major factor of girl child dropout from schools.
Given the high population using poor latrines which makes them vulnerable to disease incidences, the project will help them access improved septic toilets and proper disposal of excretes. Reduces incidences of diseases will lead to high productivity among the population which will reduce dependence and increase beneficiary ability to meet costs of social services. Not having a proper toilet means you have no way to prevent your feaces from contaminating your environment. This is one-way street to illness - one gram of feaces carries up to 1 million bacteria and 10 million viruses. When feaces are let loose in the environment, the minute small amount contaminates the hands, food and water, and spread diseases. This feacal-oral transmission of disease, which happens when the barriers of toilets, safe water and hygiene are not in place, can be illustrated by 5Fs. Faeces which get into Fingers, are spread by Flies, picked up in Fields and spread through Fluids then ingested, either directly or when a person eats contaminated Food. In addition, Flies carrying feaces can land on faces, spreading infections or blinding eye disease. This transmission has a far wider impact than many people realize.
Demonstration and construction of septic toilets will help beneficiaries and neighboring communities establish similar structures which will lead to economic developments and health benefits realization.
The number of schoolgirls dropping out of schools because of diseases due to poor hygiene and sanitation will go down with the installation of water facilities and improved toilets. Water, Sanitation and hygiene in schools create an enabling environment which secures children's dignity, safety, health and attendance increase in classes.
Government and donors will reduce its expenditures on health services and shift resources to other developmental programs.
All these will be accomplished through;
Construction of septic toilets in schools, public places and health centers
Installation of safe water facilities in schools, communities and health centers.
Emptying of filled latrines at schools and public places like Markets, Bus parks, Trailer Park and Taxi Park.
Establishment of technical toilet workers and Training them including Water User Committees plus beneficiaries.
When T4L project is completed there will be increased equitable community access to septic toilets and basic sanitation. Strengthen the ability of communities to develop and maintain sustainable toilets and sanitation systems. Educate communities about toilets, sanitation, and hygiene. Improve the capacity of local health care facilities and professionals. Combat the spread of diseases, and other major's developments. Enhance the health infrastructure of local communities. Educate and mobilize communities to help prevent the spread of major diseases. Support activities related to disease prevention and hygiene.
Strengthen the development of local entrepreneurs and community leaders,
Particularly women by not dropping from school, in the Bugiri impoverished communities. Develop opportunities for decent and productive work, particularly for women in markets. Reduce the mortality rate mainly for children under the age of five. Reduce the maternal mortality rate. Improve access to medical services and trained health care providers stay at their jobs instead of running far away from the health facilities to toilet facilities.