Human-wildlife conflict is a growing problem in the mid hills of Nepal. The mid hills of Nepal are home to a variety of wildlife, including boars, monkeys, and leopards. Unfortunately, the increasing human population in this region has led to a rise in human-wildlife conflicts. As humans encroach upon wildlife habitats, animals are forced to seek out food and shelter in areas occupied by humans. This leads to crop damage, loss of livestock, and even loss of human life. These conflicts result in losses for both wildlife and human populations, including crop and livestock damage, loss of human life, and loss of wildlife habitat. In addition to the direct losses incurred by humans, human-wildlife conflicts can have severe consequences for wildlife populations. Habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as the killing of animals in response to conflicts, can lead to the decline of wildlife populations and even extinction of some species.Therefore, there is an urgent need to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts in the mid hills of Nepal. However, it is also crucial to address this issue sustainably, considering the long-term effects of human actions on wildlife habitats and populations.
The mitigating measures proposed in this proposal aim to promote sustainable solutions to human-wildlife conflicts. These measures focus on minimizing harm to both humans and wildlife while promoting coexistence between the two. The success of these measures depends on the collaboration and participation of local communities and stakeholders, as well as the support of the government and international organizations. Human-wildlife conflict can have a negative impact, especially on rural Nepali communities, so far causing economic losses amounting to millions of rupees. Management of Human wildlife conflict in Nepal is an urgent and important issue. It is necessary to address the issue in a holistic manner, and co-create the mitigation solutions, with full engagement of all the relevant stakeholders.
The rural population is better protected against human-wildlife conflict in project areas, where agreed guidelines and tools are applied to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts.
The project takes the approach of harmonious coexistence, by ensuring that both - human and wildlife - are protected from conflicts. This approach follows the modern wildlife conservation principles to balance the needs of people with the conservation of nature.
Following are the activities to mitigate animal and human conflict.
1.Outreach and education programs:
Education and awareness programs can help people understand the importance of wildlife conservation and their role in mitigating conflicts with animals. Community-based awareness programs can educate people on how to reduce conflicts with wildlife, including strategies for protecting crops and livestock. We will conduct outreach and education programs to raise awareness of wildlife conservation and the need to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts. We will organize meetings with local communities and distribute informational materials, including pamphlets, brochures, and posters.
Habitat loss and fragmentation are significant factors that contribute to human-wildlife conflict. It is essential to conserve and manage wildlife habitats, especially those that support large animals like leopards. We will collaborate with local communities to conserve and manage wildlife habitats, including creating buffer zones and promoting reforestation.
Crop diversification is a sustainable approach to reducing conflicts with wildlife. It involves growing a variety of crops that are less attractive to animals, reducing the need for farmers to resort to killing or injuring wildlife. Incentives for farmers to adopt sustainable farming practices could be provided. We will promote crop diversification, including the growing of crops that are less attractive to animals, reducing the need for farmers to resort to killing or injuring wildlife. Incentives for farmers to adopt sustainable farming practices could be provided.
Fencing is an effective way to keep animals out of crops and livestock areas. We will promote the use of fencing to keep animals out of crops and livestock areas. Electric fences, beehive fences, and chain-link fences are some examples of fencing strategies that have been used successfully in different regions.
Proper livestock management can help reduce conflicts with predators like leopards. Keeping livestock in secure enclosures, bringing them indoors at night, and using guard dogs are some of the effective techniques that can be used to reduce predation. We will promote livestock management practices that reduce conflicts with predators like leopards. Keeping livestock in secure enclosures, bringing them indoors at night, and using guard dogs are some of the effective techniques that can be used to reduce predation.
6.Non-lethal control measures:
We will promote the use of non-lethal control measures like noise-making devices, lights, and predator calls to deter animals from entering human settlements or crop fields.
Compensation for loss or damage to crops, livestock, or property is a way of reducing conflicts between humans and wildlife. We will establish compensation schemes for farmers who suffer losses incurred from wildlife. Communities can establish compensation schemes funded by government, international organizations, and NGOs to compensate farmers for losses incurred from wildlife.