Drinking Water Supply





History Logs

Project Description

Region: Asia

Country: Nepal

Location: Dang, Western Nepal

Total Budget: $109,252

Areas of Focus: Disease prevention and treatment, Water, sanitation and hygiene

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Needs Identified: Clean Drinking water availability and Hygiene

How to meet: TO accomplish the below project and training to the stakeholders about

Hygiene and Sanitation.

Time Line: One year

Project Budget: USD 109252

Funding Resources: Club, Global Grant, International Partner

Club Involvement: Funding USD 20000 maximum, Club members will be involved in project

Preparations, Trainings, Monitoring and evaluation, Visit to Project

site before and after, in a regular interval, Committee meetings.

Continuous Technical supports after operation.

Project Description as Below:

Rotary Foundation

Global Grant Proposal

Title of project: Rotary Dangisharana Drinking Water Project, Dang, Nepal

Section A-Host and International Sponsors information

Host Sponsor: Bharatpur International Sponsor:

Primary Contact: Suresh Bahadur Sen Thakuri

District : 3292

Club : Bharatpur

Email: sureshsen2629@gmail.com

Primary Contact :

District :

Club :

B. Summary: Include project location(s), project staff, contact persons, target population, duration, budget

Location: Dangisharana, Dang ward no-1.2 and 4,(400 km West of Kathmandu)

Project staff:

Contact persons: Project Coordinator: MPHF Rtn. Dr. Rebanta Kumar Bhattarai

Target population:

Duration: 1 year


International R I District :

Project Beneficiary : Approx 1,000 population

Total Project cost : USD 1,09,252 Equivalent to Nrs, 1,09,500 Lakhs

C. Introduction: Describe background on the country/region water situation and overview of the project

Nepal is a landlocked nation with the current population of over 30 million people having GDP per capita of US$470, is one of the developing nations in the world. With a staggering 42 percent of the population living below the poverty line and only 27 percent with improved access to sanitation, there are quite a number of issues facing Nepal. Some of these significant challenges are related to water pollution and water scarcity.

Water is one of the basic human necessities but a large proportion of the Nepalese population is devoid of access to safe and adequate drinking water. According to the Department of Water Supply and Sewerage in Nepal, even though an estimated 80% of the total population has access to drinking water, it is not safe. Those belonging to poor and excluded groups in rural areas have limited to no access. Many in remote areas have to rely on small brooks running from the mountains and spend hours traveling to get water. Still the drinking water available is not always safe as supplied water is often polluted. One of the reasons for this is due to the fact that the surface and ground water in the Kathmandu Valley is deteriorating by natural and anthropogenic contaminations. The surface water is polluted by industry and domestic waste along with discharge of untreated sewage from tightly packed residential neighborhoods. It is without a doubt that the domestic sewage system is deemed one of the top sources of water pollution that seeps into rivers and lakes, which are the primary sources of drinking water. The capital city of Kathmandu is estimated to produce150 tons of waste daily and almost half of this is dumped into rivers and 80 percent of the wastewater is generated by households. In addition, due to the increasing population and establishments, surface water sources alone has become inadequate to service everyone.

In some of the rural regions of Nepal communities still rely on getting their drinking water from tube wells. Recently, one of the major concerns in these regions, especially in the region of Terai, is groundwater contamination from arsenic. The Terai Region contains sedimentary layers of sand, gravel deposits interlocked with flood plains carried by rivers and is extremely vulnerable to arsenic contamination.

As only 27 percent of the population has access to basic sanitation, those without access rely on local surface water sources like rivers for bathing and washing clothes. At the same time, the establishments of water treatment facilities throughout the urban and rural regions are limited. As a result, Nepal faces a high number of water-borne diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, typhoid, gastroenteritis and cholera. Starting with the dry season in the month of March to the end of the rainy season in September, one is extremely vulnerable to waterborne illnesses. Coupled with the unhygienic environmental situation, the risk of food and water contamination is increased. Children under the age of five are the most affected with an estimated 44,000 children dying every year in Nepal from waterborne diseases. Presently, socio-economics indicators for the country reveal it to be among the least well off countries in South Asia and the world. The population is predominantly rural.

The demand for water is increasing significantly in Nepal and access to safe and adequate drinking water is crucial. The public lacks awareness and education on proper sanitation issues and domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants need to be widespread. Nepal struggles to overcome this obstacle and needs solutions to eradicate this so that its citizens can live healthier lives.

Service above self the basic motto of Rotary International and all the Rotarians are voluntarily serving the society for their crises. Safe drinking water is one of focus area of Rotary International were all Rotarians are putting their best support the water management in the needy community. So Rotarian of Rotary club of Bharatpur wants support the Dangisharana water community, Dang, Nepal.

D. Problem statement: Specify the problem and its causes, needs assessments, rational for project

Clean, safe drinking water is scarce. Today, nearly 1 billion people in the developing world don't have access to it. Yet, we take it for granted, we waste it, and we even pay too much to drink it from little plastic bottles.

Water is the foundation of life. And still today, all around the world, far too many people spend their entire day searching for it. Similar situation of peoples of Dangishram also. Especially girls and women have to travel long distance for collection of water.

In places like sub-Saharan Africa, time lost gathering water and suffering from water-borne diseases is limiting people's true potential, especially women and girls, exactly the same situation for peoples for rural area. Education is lost to sickness. Economic development is lost while people merely try to survive. But it doesn't have to be like this. It's needless suffering.

As per government estimates, as of now, 85% of the total population has access to basic water supply services and 62% has access to basic sanitation facilities (access to toilets). Nepal has already achieved the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets for water supply (73%) and is making progress to the MDG target for sanitation. However, there are a lot of challenges for sustaining these achievements and making water services and sanitation facilities available to the remaining portion of the population or currently unreached people.

E. Project description: List goals and objectives, process and impact indicators, main activities

Goals Objectively verifiable indicators Source of verification Risk and hypotheses

Contribute to improved drinking water supply in Dangisharana village, Dang

Specific goals: 1.Rural household (200) of Dangisharana VDC of Dang have equitable community access to safe water, improved sanitation, and hygiene

2. Strengthen the ability of communities to develop, fund, and maintain sustainable water and sanitation


3. Support programs that enhance communities' awareness of the benefits of safe water, improved

sanitation, and hygiene

4. Support studies for career-minded professionals related to water and sanitation 1.1 Human and livestock population have access to safe drinking water during dry season.

1.2 Beneficiary household maintain livelihood activities during dry season. S.OV.1.Beneficiary lists validated by village development committee administrations.

S.O.V.2. 15 fully functional water infrastructures.

S.O.V.3. Reports from village development committee.

Outcome 1: increased access to safe potable water through the construction of one boring and reservoir tank.

Outcome 2. Reduced incidence of water borne diseases through increasing access to water treatment chemicals and community awareness on hygiene and sanitation.

Outcome 3. Water committees to manage water points are organized and their capacity is increased. 60 % of the members are women and dalit. OVI.2.1. 8 water harvesting infrastructures constructed and fully operational.

OVI.2.2 . 8 water committees trained on water management and infrastructure maintenance.

OVI. 2.3. 900 households have access to water purifiers for at least 6 months. S.O.V.2.1 Beneficiary lists validated by Dangisharana VDC.

S.O.V.2.2 8 water harvesting infrastructures fully operational distribution input vouchers.

S.O.V.2.3. Aquatab distribution records

S.O.V.2.4 water committee lists

S.OV.2.5. photo reports

S.O.V.2.6 location map

S.O.V.2.7 infrastructure assessment report • The security situation in the implementation areas remain stable

• The local authorities participate actively in activity preparation and M&E

• The selected communities participate actively in all agreed activities

• There are capable local contractors. To carry out infrastructure rehabilitation

• Construction material is available locally.

The objective of the Project is to support the Dangisharana VDC, Ward no 1, 2, & 4 communities in their safe drinking problem. This project is designed to support the construction of initial infrastructure that will provide safe drinking water for the current population of approx. 1,000 and will cater the rapid expanding population growth upto 3,000 people in another 10 years. The project system is designed based on criteria of the Standard DWSS Design Guidelines unless specific site conditions demand otherwise. Design Guidelines is adopted for design period, type of system, consumption rate, pressure requirements, etc. The system proposed is designed with following provisions:

F. Operational plan: Propose specific intervention strategies, how the Ministry of Health, communities and other agencies will actively participate

Major component of projects are

Tube Well (Boring): will be used as the source of pure drinking water. Approx 90 meters boring will be done in one places, We will try second boring point if first one fails and the second point will be used for sources. From the bore well approx 6 inch water output will be achieved which is the required quantity.

Storage Tank (Reservoir): 400 thousand RCC storage water tank will be constructed in the system. However the actual capacity of the reservoir on the basis of average daily demand for the design year has been calculated to be 200 cum, so accordingly the RCC tank was constructed on the top of a small hill near the foothill of Dangisharana VDC. The elevated reservoir tank will enable the natural gravity down flow of water supply to the consuming water pipelines.

Supply of 12.5 mm and 25.0 mm Pipes: The supply of HDEP Pipes the work will be done in order to supply water from deep bore well to RCC reservoir tank (6 inches diameter pipe) and water supply from RCC reservoir tank to the pipelines (1 inch and ½ inch pipes).

Electrical and panel works: Supply and installation electrical Panel and pumping work was done in order to run the pumping out of the safe potable water and all these works will be partially done by Dangisharana Suppliers, Nepal Electricity authority and community itself.

System Appurtenances

Necessary appurtenances such as air valve chamber Pump house and pipe valve boxes will be provided along the pipelines for proper functioning of the system and regulating flow. Pipe valve chambers are provided for ease of operation and maintenance, and to reduce the initial cost of construction.


Appropriate training to the WUSC members, teachers, VDC officials and female CHVs are deemed necessary for the sustainability of the water supply systems, project analysis and pre construction training, Quality control and local & non local materials procurement training, Water safety plan training, Maintenance and operational training) were conducted to the user's community and the committee members as per the Project proposal. Total 4 trainings (Project analysis and pre construction training, Quality control and local & non local materials procurement training, Water safety plan training, Hygiene education and behavior change communication, maintenance and operational training) will be conducted to the user's community and the committee members as per the Project proposal

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene:

A safe and adequate water supply is the top priority of the target area. This was excessively discussed during the assessment. Health problems related to the absence of water, the time spent to fetch water, the workload on women, the absence of water for cattle, and so on were points of the discussion. All participants agreed on the severity of the water problems in the targeted area. They reached a consensus that the problem of water is the highest priority for them.

The people in the target area are seriously suffering from the absence of safe water. As a result, water borne diseases are among the major causes of illness in the Dangisharana. According to health office data, the top ten diseases recorded all related to food and water contamination and accounts for more than 30% of diseases. Diseases related to personal hygiene accounts 30%. The community members also mentioned Diarrhea, Giardia, intestinal parasites and amoeba as water related diseases.

Children at school also share the same problem. Because of the warm climate of the area the daily water demand is very high. A large number of students drop out of school every year with cases related to scarcity of water.


The operation and maintenance cost include unseen expanses, remuneration of VMW (Village maintenance worker personnel) and the maintenance cost. The remuneration of VMW is decided by the WUSC and maintenance cost shall be covered by the income from regular water tariff collection by connection of water meter.


The system is designed with the provision of Private connection, Water tariff on regular collection on water meter connection. This system is appropriate for the sustainable operation and maintenance of the system. It must be adequate and sufficient to pay the operation and maintenance cost, to pay salaries of staff, pay for repairs and replacement of parts and build reserve fund to finance improvements in the system. The decision on the rate of water tariff is left to the WUSC

Project Inauguration and Handing over.

The project will be formally started banner unveiling program done by 2019/20 District Governor Kiran Lal Shrestha, similarly the project will be completed and handed over to the community with the grand Inauguration program organized with RID 3292 DG as chief guest and special guest on end of project at the project site Dang. The Inauguration will be participated by Rotarians, Spouse from National and International Partner club and many local dignitaries for grand ceremony.

G. Project management: Indicate staffing required, management structure and lines of communication, physical requirements and purpose

I. Budget

Item Construction of water infrastructure Quantity Cost/unit Total

1.1 Consultant (feasibility study, preparing the specification of the construction material and technical illustration; preparing the construction plan; assessing the water supply system0 and continuous follow up of the construction progress.

1.2 Construction of Boring

1.3 Construction of R.T.

1.4 Office supplies and equipment for the office at the project office in the field (for the project related recruited employees, the following items will be purchased; office furniture, 1 laptop, I desktop computer, 1 printer, 1 scanner and I ups electric power stabilizer.

Project vehicle rent and fuel for the project office in the field (for six month) 6 month

Office rent for field office 10

Program meeting/regional coordination/conference/seminars for staff VDC level ( to report the progress to the regional government and to attend the regular humantarion coordination meeting No of meetings lump sum

Monitoring and Evaluation, during the implementation phase to conduct systematic monitoring along with the representatives of the local authority, and Rotary club representatives. (costs for board and lodging per each M&E trip and per person I ....... Three people will travel on each trip and stay three days at the project site. During the whole project period there will be 9 monitoring trips= ....X 3 days 3 persons x9 trips=.... 9

Visibility and public relation: the donor logo (Rotary) will be put using a metal board by the water points. Information on project donor, number of beneficiaries, types of interventions to be carried will be publicized to the community of the project area. .umpsum

4. Personnel

4.1 Water engineer 1 10

4.2 Water work officer 1 10

4.3 Community mobilizer 2 10

4.4 Liaisons officer 1 10

4.5 Field office security guards 3 10

4.6 Field office cashier 1 10

4.7 Bank transfer fee Lumpsum

Activities 2019

A1:Hiring a water engineer

A2; Feasibility study-preparation of design/layout of the water supply system in targeted communities.

Compile list (specification) of building material and technical maps

Procure and deliver building material/contracting contractors

Mobilize community for unpaid labor contribution and create water committees in villages

Construction of reservoirs (collection system, pipe and ....

Installation of the water pipes and connecting with the constructed water points/water tapes

Check of the construction for cracks, leaks and blockage

Installation of the pump and the power sources for the boreholes

Handover the water points

Conduct monitoring at every phase of the construction process

Preparation of reports

Sign MOU with regional government before project activities begin

Coordinate community mobilization activities with government officials

Hand over ceremony

Activities related to water management and hygiene

A1; Coordinate community mobilization activities with government officials to establish water committees in the villages.

A2; mobilization activities at school to establish school-Wash clubs in three schools

Conducting training for community water management committee members

Training school-wash clubs

Consulting M&E

Write reports

Evaluation of the project by government offices

Finance audit

Preparing of terminal report

Project monitoring by rotary

H. Monitoring and evaluation: Specify information systems, baseline studies if any, timing of evaluation, reporting and feedback system, role of partners in monitoring and reporting

Monitoring will be done as systematic and continuous assessment of the progress of the Dangisharana water project activities over time. The objective of monitoring shall be to:

 Verify the progress of Dangisharana water project programme activities (whether activities have been implemented as planned),

 Ensure accountability, both technical and financial,

 Detect problems and/or constraints in order to provide feed-back

Evaluation will attempt to determine as systematically as possible the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and the impact of activities, in the light of the Dangisharana water project objectives and intended outcome. An assessment of the value of the intervention using systematically collected and analyzed data shall be made during programme evaluation. While monitoring is a continuous process, evaluation will be conducted intermittently. The mid-term evaluation is intended to inform the programme of progress made and areas where strategic changes have to be made so as to meet programme objectives. On the other hand, the evaluation at the end of the programme shall inform and document the extent to which the programme expected results have been attained, as well as informing future similar programmes on best strategies to adopt, lessons learnt, best practices, among others.


The Dangisharana drinking water project will be implemented thorough participation of user community in well-organized and very active participation. They will run their own office and a democratically elected executive body. This group has an experience in maintaining the current pipeline system of water source for more than 10 years. The user community will institute a system of paying monthly charges for consumed water; the amount collected will be used for maintenance and improvement of this water system.

Primary Host Partner

District: 3292

Rotary Club of: Bharatpur

Primary Contact: Rebanta Kr. Bhatarai

Email: rebantadr@yahoo.com

Primary International Partner

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Project Status

Need $26,168
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Project listed for the 2019-20 Rotary Year.

The TRF Grant application number is #40000.

Proposed Financing

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Bharatpur (3292)





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Amount Requested from The Rotary Foundation




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Project Photos

History Log Entries


System Entry

System Entry: Creation of project page.


by Suresh Bdr Sen

System Entry: Pledge of $26,168 by Suresh Bdr Sen of the Rotary Club of Bharatpur, District 3292.


by Suresh Bdr Sen

System Entry: Project is now "Fully Pledged".


by Suresh Bdr Sen

System Entry: Project reverted to "Published".

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